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Argentina claims the Falklands Islands, which it calls the Malvinas, despite the South Atlantic archipelago formally being a British overseas territory. The country’s Malvinas Secretary has reasserted its claim over the islands and demanded the UK enter into talks with the Argentine government.
Daniel Filmus, an Argentine politician who is Malvinas Secretary of the Foreign Ministry, has reminded the UK it committed to “find a peaceful solution” to the issue of sovereignty over the Falklands Islands in 1965.
He is noting the 2065 resolution of the United Nations, which formally recognised a dispute between the UK and Argentina concerning the sovereignty of the islands.
The resolution invites the two country’s to find a peaceful solution to the problem and take into consideration the interests of the inhabitants of the Islands.
Commenting on this, Mr Filmus said: “Almost everyone has expressed the need for the United Kingdom to comply with resolution 2065 of the United Nations, which turns 55 years old and urges the United Kingdom to negotiate with Argentina a mechanism for transferring the exercise of sovereignty.”
Since the resolution was signed in December 16, 1965, more than 40 resolutions of the General Assembly and the Special Committee on Decolonisation have reiterated the call to the parties to achieve a diplomatic solution on the dispute over the sovereignty of the islands.
In 2012, a UN meeting agreed no negotiations about sovereignty could be made “until such time as the Falkland Islanders so wish”.
But Argentina continue to lay claim over the territory.
In an interview with Télam, the Argentine national news agency, Mr Filmus warned “Argentina is advancing in various ways” to achieve sovereignty over the Falklands.
He seemed to suggest Britain would cave, if it comes under pressure from other states.
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Argentina has the support of the Latin American countries for its claim over the Falklands Islands.
Mr Filmus pointed out Argentina has also received support from the Southern Common Market (Mercosur), the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (Celac), the Organization of American States (OAS), the Special Committee on Decolonization and the G77 + China.
He said: “That work that Argentine diplomacy did throughout the world is what creates the conditions for us to say that it is not a national cause, it is a regional and global cause.”
The Malvinas Secretary claims the UK’s interest in the Falklands is purely economic.
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He said the islands are an area of “immense wealth” and claims it continues “to be exploited by those who usurped the islands”.
Mr Filmus added: “If one takes into account the exclusive economic zone, that is, the 200 nautical miles around the islands, of 2.2 million square kilometres, the usurped territories are ten times bigger than the extension of the United Kingdom.
“Clearly there is no other intention, on the part of the United Kingdom, other than to have a gateway to Antarctica, to have the hydrocarbon and fish wealth that exist in that region, to seek control of the bi-oceanic corridor, which is the only natural passage to the Pacific from the Atlantic, and at the same time, having the possibility of installing a NATO military base in a strategic location.”
The Argentine official said he hopes to see the flag of the country fly over the islands “very soon”.
The Falklands Islands has been the subject of disputes between the UK and Argentina since the 18th century.
The two countries waged a brief but bitter war over the territory in 1982.
Argentine forces, who had landed on the islands to state a territorial claim, were removed by a British military task force.
The war was seen to contravene the 2065 resolution.
Additional reporting by Maria Ortega
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